IMSA 2017 Prototype Tech Profile: ORECA 07

IMSA 2017 Prototype Tech Profile: ORECA 07

IMSA

IMSA 2017 Prototype Tech Profile: ORECA 07

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Take a look inside each of the brand-new cars that will comprise IMSA’s WeatherTech SportsCar Championship Prototype class in RACER’s six-part technical preview leading into the Rolex 24 at Daytona.

ORIGINS AND PERFORMANCE

French racecar manufacturer ORECA took a unique approach to creating its brand-new “07” LMP2 car for 2017. Unlike the other five P2 constructors with completely models, ORECA committed early to carrying over the same carbon-fiber tub that formed the basis of its existing P1 and P2 products.

The ORECA-built Rebellion R-ONE P1 car, and its ORECA 05 P2, shared the same P1-grade tub in the models that earned considerable success in the FIA World Endurance Championship through 2016, and with its crash certification in place, it formed the core of the 07 as the design team started working on the 05’s replacement.

As the only LMP2 constructor to build a new car around a large, known, and thoroughly developed aerodynamic/chassis structure, it was not a surprise to see the ORECA 07 chassis lead six out of the seven Roar Before the 24 test sessions held Jan. 6-8.

And due to the use of the same tub, existing 05 owners like the DragonSpeed Racing were able to purchase all of the new-for-2017 items and upgrade the rest of its car to 07 specifications.

Far from a surprise, ORECA experts like DragonSpeed and Rebellion arrived at Daytona with 07s and dominated the three-day Roar test from start to finish. Considering the shortened learning curve they possess compared to the rest of the teams and manufacturers in the class, it could serve as an advantage leading into the race.

Even the JDC-Miller Motorsports team, which is new to IMSA’s Prototype class after competing in the second-tier PC category, was able to find a decent amount of speed while learning to work with its new 07 at the Roar.

Altogether, the ORECA 07 made a bold statement about its potential in its first head-to-head outing with its rivals. There are natural concerns about reliability – an issue facing every car in the Prototype class at Daytona – and with the problematic spec Cosworth electronics on board, the ORECA’s outright speed could be tempered by software and hardware gremlins.

Look for the 07 to be fast in the hands of the most experience ORECA teams, but there’s no telling if new-car reliability gremlins will halt their march.

DAYTONA TEST PERFORMANCE NUMBERS

The aforementioned six prototype models were represented by 12 cars entered at the Roar (3 x ORECA 03, 3 x Cadillac DPi.V-R, 2x Mazda RT24-P, 2 x Nissan Onroak DPi, 1 x Ligier JS P217 and 1 x Riley/Multimatic Mk30).

Courtesy of DragonSpeed, the 07 recorded the fastest lap of the test, and from the combined work of DragonSpeed and Rebellion, the 07 was also the fastest model in each of the six dry sessions at the Roar.

The lap time gap from the 07 to the second-fastest WEC P2/DPi model in those six sessions was considerable in most instances. Whether one or more of the slower models were sandbagging at the test – and will draw closer to or ahead of the 07 during the race – will be an interesting theme to follow.

07’s Fastest Roar Lap (+Margin to P2): P1, 1m38.343s (+0.020s to Mazda’s RT24-P DPi)

07’s Best Roar Top Speed: P3, 193.3 mph (-3.8 mph to the top 197.1 mph set by Mazda’s RT24-P)

NAMES AND SPECIFIC VEHICLE DATA

Lead Chassis Designer(s): Christophe Guibbal / David Floury

Lead Aerodynamicist(s): Jean-Philippe Pélaprat / David Floury

Transmission Vendor: Xtrac

Brake Package Vendor: Brembo Calipers with carbon AP discs and pads

Data and ECU Electronics Package Vendor: Cosworth (spec)

Engine displacement and cylinder count: 4.2-liter V8 by Gibson Technology (spec)

Engine air induction system: Naturally-aspirated

SPEC 2017 P2-BASED DATA FOR EVERY PROTOTYPE MODEL

Minimum Weight: All WEC P2s and DPis have a minimum of 930 kilos (2050 pounds) with no fuel or driver for the Rolex 24. 930 kg is also the minimum in the WEC.

Maximum Length: 4750 mm (187 in.), which is 100 mm/4 in. longer than the previous LMP2 max length.

Maximum/Minimum Width: 1900 mm max (approx. 75 in.) to 1800 mm min (approx. 71 in.), which is narrower than the previous maximum of 2000 mm/75-3/4 in.

Maximum Height: 1050 mm (approx. 41.5 in.), slightly up from the previous 1030 mm (40.5 in.) standard.

Wheel Size: 18×12.5 in. fronts and 18×13 in. rears.

Tires: All supplied by Continental. Unique use of DP-derived Daytona specification for the Rolex 24, only. Brand-new 2017-spec Continental tires will be used from Round 2 at Sebring onward.

Transmissions: Six-speeds are required for every car. In the WEC, P2 teams are severely limited on the number of gear ratios that may be used (three sets), which will compromise the ability to perfect power and torque curves at some tracks. IMSA has removed the restriction for WEC P2s running in the WeatherTech Championship, and there are no limitations for DPis.

FRONT SUSPENSION

The ORECA 07 uses the most popular front suspension layout among the six P2-based models competing in the Prototype class. Its torsion bar arrangement, which replaces bulkier coilover springs, provides a compact solution housed inside the front of the tub.

Actuated by pushrods connected to the lower control arms, the torsion bars are twisted by rocker arms that connect to individual dampers. Secondary links connect the dampers and torsion bars to an anti-roll bar. Finally, a front third spring/damper is connected between the rocker arms that controls chassis pitch and dynamic ride height.

Due to the busy packaging at the front of the tub with the steering column and brake/clutch fluid reservoirs, gaining access to all of the suspension components is more of a challenge than some of the other models. Along with reaching in through the front when the nose is taken off, two small access hatches can be removed atop the tub to reach inside and make changes from above.

Below: Torsion bars (red, inside their forward housings), rocker arms (purple), dampers (orange), rocker-to-anti-roll bar links (cyan), anti-roll bar (yellow), third spring/damper (green).

Topside access hatches:

REAR SUSPENSION

The ORECA 07 also uses the most popular rear suspension solution with pushrod-activated rocker arms that connect to coilover springs and dampers. Those spring/damper combinations are linked to a T-style anti-roll bar, and the anti-roll bar compresses the rear third spring/damper.

Below: Rocker arms (purple), dampers with coilover springs (orange), rocker-to-anti-roll bar links (cyan), anti-roll bar (yellow), third spring/damper (green).

AERODYNAMICS

Like every 2017 P2-based chassis, the 07 was constructed using a raised forward section to flow air through the keel. The elevated section (red) that sits above the bottom of the tub (yellow) creates an intentional void below where the air flowing through the front of the car can be channeled into the leading edge of the keel (green, second image below) and then out to interact with the sidepods.


Fully clothed, the 07 has one of the most conventional noses in the class, and it’s due to ORECA’s use of the 05 tub, which featured a nearly identical shape from the tip of the nose to the front bulkhead.

There is an elegance to its simplicity: the low nose, with a small cooling ducts for the brakes and air conditioning, and options at the outer edges for downforce-generating dive planes, sits in stark contrast to some models that use ornate designs to twist and bend the oncoming air to produce their desired results.

Viewed from the side, the 07 has the longest rear fender extensions (yellow) of any WEC P2/DPi model. It goes so far forward, it sits parallel to the front of the Gibson V8 engine. That long extension, used to smooth and condition the flow of air over and around the mandatory bodywork cutouts (red) above the rear tires, helps to diminish turbulence (drag) created by those cutouts.

Up front, the 07 also uses long fender extensions (purple) to cheat the large cutouts (red).

ORECA teams have bolt-on options for taller or shorter ramps at the leading edge of the cutouts (green) to increase or decrease downforce and drag.

If the 07’s nose is comparatively simple in its interaction with air, the sidepods and rear fender extensions are the exact opposite.

The aforementioned fender extensions are anything but straight. The cantilevered rotation toward the middle of the car is used to channel some air over the base of the engine cover (green) and some around the outside of the fender (red, second image below), which is a concept taken to a greater extreme on the 07 than any other model.

The 07’s sidepods are heavily sculpted and feature a transition from a wide profile up top to a narrow waistline (orange) extending down to the topside of the floor (cyan). With the aft section of the front fenders (yellow) helping to channel the air leaving the keel to flow around the sidepod (green) and through the scalloped waist (orange) towards the exhaust outlet (red), the 07’s designers incorporated more airflow manipulation into this section than any of their rivals.

The 07’s exhaust treatment is also unique to ORECA with the ceramic-coated panel (red) bulging from the sidepod to meet with and accelerate the air flowing through the scalloped waist (orange) and over the floor (cyan). A small flow conditioner (green) is also used to manipulate the air leaving the sidepod below the exhaust bulge.


The rear of the 07, noteworthy for the sheer length of the flowing fenders and plunging engine cover deck height, meets with the diffuser and conventional shutters behind the rear wheels. A Gurney tab is used at the back of the bodywork to tune downforce.

MISCELLANEOUS

The 07 incorporates the new and standard swinging center head support that is hinged at the back (red) and can be freed up front by pulling a quick-disconnect pin (green) to allow rapid access to the driver from the passenger side of the cockpit, if necessary.

Two nice touches found here include the narrow, canted radiators (green), which have drawn praise for their clean installation, and the use of carbon fiber support rods (yellow) that connect the top of the bellhousing/engine to the rear bulkhead. Metal rods are the most common material choice on other models.

07 teams have the option to run one, two, or zero dive planes based on their aerodynamic setup desires.

With each new model required to use a large stabilizing fin atop the engine cover, every car, including the 07, also uses the proven “swan neck” mounting system for the rear wing (green). When installed, the interlinked fin and swan neck make it all but impossible to remove the engine cover on its own (although one chassis manufacturer came up with a workaround to be detailed in a separate tech review).

The solution is to turn the two quick-disconnect cams (red) that hold the rear wing assembly, remove the assembly as shown here by two JDC-Miller mechanics, and then remove the engine cover.

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